Pain in joints is often caused by cartilage defects. The healthy articular cartilage is a pressure resistant supporting tissue, consisting of chondrocytes (cartilage cells), a basic substance, collagen fibres and water. Thus, the articular cartilage is able to withstand pressures (as a shock absorber). Cartilage defects result from unbalanced strain of the joints (traumatic cartilage defects) caused by age-related degeneration (degenerative cartilage defects) or by diseases. If cartilage defects remain untreated they often cause an early osteoarthritis.
A damaged cartilage is not able to regenerate itself. If a cartilage defect is not treated the defect persists and repair tissue is produced. Over the years, the cartilage defect continues to get worse and further cartilage degeneration occurs, which can often lead to the implantation of a joint prosthesis. The aim of the treatment is to prevent this destructive process or to stop it.
Theracell’s has developed a series of autologous therapies in orthopedics. These therapies are used for the biological regeneration of articular cartilage defects by means of the body’s own cells (stem cells or chondrocytes). It takes advantage of the healing properties of the growth factors contained in the patient’s plasma, as well as the healing properties of adipose-derived stem cells.